History of Brahmputra Valley Fertilizer Corporation Limited (BVFCL):
"Namrup is the first place in India where a natural gas based fertilizer factory was established - It made use of natural gas, water (in the form of steam) and Nitrogen (from air) to produce urea. At first, it was under the administrative control of FCIL (Fertilizer Corporation of India) but later it was transferred to HFCL (Hindustan fertilizer Corporation Ltd.). After it was decided (around 2002) that HFCL would be closed, the Namrup unit was bifurcated from HFCL and renamed BVFCL - Presently, it has three trains of Urea & Ammonia named Namrup-I (Practically dead), Namrup-II and Namrup-III. In addition to BVFCL, Namrup also has a medium-sized petrochemicals company named Assam Petrochemicals Limited (APL) and a thermal power station under Assam State Electricity Board."
Till the beginning of sixties, Namrup a sleepy village ,was little known to the rest of the country. Discovery of oil and natural gas in Naharkatiya region promoted a serious thinking on proper utilization of gas which had to be otherwise to be flared up.
Consequent upon the recommendation of M/S. Snodgrass Associates of USA suggesting utilization of this hidden treasure to produce a large number of utilities including chemical fertilizers and electricity, the then Ministry of Mines and Fuel appointed a Committee headed by Shri S S Khera, ICS and based on its broad recommendation in respect of possible use of natural gas, a Technical Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. G P Kane further studied the possibilities of setting up a fertilizer plant in Assam while the Central Water and Power Commission was entrusted to explore the scope of setting up a power project based on this resource .
The Kane Committee, after making detailed techno-economic study, recommended a fertilizer factory to be located at Namrup .Needless to say that ,Central Water and Power Commission too recommended favourably resulting in the setting-up of Thermal Power Plant within the striking distance from the fertilizer factory at Namrup."